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The spotted status symbol Coach Dog of Croatia


The history of the Dalmatian dog breed is long and shrouded in mystery. The name Dalmatian was given to the breed in the late 1700’s by Thomas Bewick, who believed that the breed originated in the country of Dalmatia, located in the eastern Mediterranean region (now Croatia). Depictions of the Dalmatian breed can be found in famous art pieces from this region as far back as the 16th century, and descriptions of the dog were found in Croatian church chronicles from 1719 and 1737 under the Latin name Canis Dalmaticus. Many people feel that the origins of the breed are actually far older than that, citing illustrations found in Egyptian tombs of black and white spotted dogs following chariots. Due to their natural affinity for horses, the distinctive shape and color of the Dalmatian has been seen running beside carriages for centuries, from gypsy caravans to the coaches of well-born ladies, to horse-drawn fire engines. In fact, they are depicted this way so often that many people forget that they also excel as guard dogs, hunting dogs for both fowl and boar, vermin extermination, shepherding, and even as performers in the circus. 

Read more about the history of this breed – HERE and HERE

OTHER NAMES – Dalmatinski Pas,Carriage Dog, Dal, Dally, English Coach Dog, Firehouse Dog


In general, Dalmatians are friendly, confident and outgoing. Rarely would a dog show any sort of aggressive behaviour more especially if they are well-bred and have been nicely socialised right from the word go. The Dalmatian is a good choice for first time owners providing they are prepared to give an active, highly intelligent canine companion the correct amount of physical exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy. Ideally, these dogs need to be in a family where at least one of the household stays at home during the day when everyone else is out of the house. Another alternative is to have another dog and preferably another Dalmatian so they keep each other company. Dalmatians have a real sense of humour and love nothing more than to entertain and be entertained. They mature slowly and remain very playful well into the senior years. They enjoy playing interactive games and enjoy the company of slightly older children rather than toddlers more especially as playtime often gets a bit boisterous. Dalmatians being so intelligent are easy to train, but they can be a little strong willed when the mood takes them. As such, they need to be show patience and given enough time bearing in mind that Dalmatians only really mature when they are anything from 12 to 15 months old.


This information is taken from kennel clubs and other reliable sources

PURPOSE BRED FORGuarding, Hunting, Companion
TEMPERAMENTFriendly, Loyal, Lively
EXERCISE NEEDED1-2 hours per day
HEIGHT – MALE56-62 cm / 22-24.5 in (to shoulder)
HEIGHT – FEMALE54-60 cm / 21-23.5 in (to shoulder)
COAT TYPEShort and Smooth


  • Dalmatian puppies are born without spots.
  • Their traditional occupation was to trot beside horse-drawn coaches, and to guard the horses and rig when otherwise unattended.
  • Dalmatians don’t all have only black spots, their spots can also come in lemon, liver, orange, blue, brindle, tan, tri-colour and some are just pure white. They can also have a longer coat, but this is rare.
  • Although originally bred to hunt, the modern Dalmatian does not have a very high prey drive although some dogs just cannot resist chasing a rabbit or a neighbour’s cat when the chance arises.
  • Dalmatians are better suited to people who have large, secure back gardens a dog can roam around in whenever possible and would not be happy living in an apartment.

Scroll down through the PDF file below to view the entire document


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Click on any photos to view them larger and in a slideshow


Here’s a video about Dalmatians, you can view the entire playlist of videos about this breed and subscribe to our YouTube Channel by clicking the button below:


Here’s some websites specifically dedicated to this breed, please click to view them. I am not affiliated with any of these sites, they’re just here for further information. Please note I will not advertise breeders on this site and as many websites dedicated to a specific breed are run by breeders, sometimes there’s fewer sites listed here.

Thanks for reading!

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