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Mountain Cur

The true All-American Pioneer dog


The ancestors of the Mountain Curs were imported to the United States by European settlers hundreds of years ago. Although the name implies that the breed originated in the mountains, the dogs were used by settlers throughout the Ohio River Valley area, then spreading westward and down throughout the Southeast. The dogs were a crucial part of the cultures of early pioneers, settlers, and homesteaders. They were capable of tracking and treeing game for food and fur trade, as well as protecting the property from vicious animals, thieves, and pests. These dogs were staples on homes, farms, and ranches throughout the countryside of the central and southeast United States for nearly two centuries, until World War II. During the war, many homesteads were abandoned as men were shipped off to war and women worked in factories to replace them. As a result, the dogs declined in popularity throughout the country. However, a handful of dedicated breeders were determined to save the breed, and they managed to bring it back from the brink of extinction. They formed the Original Mountain Cur Breeders Association and settled on the name, saving the breed and allowing hunters to continue to enjoy the hardworking dog to this day. Today, they are used primarily for hunting squirrel, raccoon, and many types of large game.

Read more about the history of this breed – HERE


In addition to hunting, Mountain Curs make great family companions and watch dogs. Mountain Curs are very active dogs. When not hunting, they need to have physical and mental exercise, such as long daily walks, or they may become bored and destructive. Mountain Curs are extremely smart dogs and they love having a job, which is why they excel in dog sports. Some may be difficult to train, while others are more agreeable. In well-suited homes, they make fiercely loyal pets. The can be protective and aloof with strangers, but if well-socialised they are friendly and accepting of friends and other animals, but may still see small pets, such as cats, as prey. When they are in their own territory, they are watchful guard dogs and will protect their resources and family. They are not a submissive dog by nature and needs to have a strong leader or they will take the dominant role in the family. Early socialisation is key to keeping a well-mannered pet, and they are trainable enough to become therapy dogs.


This information is taken from kennel clubs and other reliable sources

PURPOSE BRED FORHunting, Guarding, Companion
TEMPERAMENTIntelligent, Courageous, Loyal
EXERCISE NEEDED2 hours per day
HEIGHT – MALE45.5-66 cm / 18-26 in (to shoulder)
HEIGHT – FEMALE40-60 cm / 16-24 in (to shoulder)
COAT TYPESmooth and Rough, Double Coat


  • This breed is not meant for everyone due to their physical and mental exercise needs that need to be met daily.
  • They are often seen in its common brindle pattern, this is not the only colour these dogs come in. They can also be black, blue brown and yellow, or some combination of this. Very often they will have white markings on their face and chest.
  • The word ‘cur’ is actually an old word that refers to a dog of an unknown breed.
  • Due to their hunting instincts, they may occasionally be known to chase and/or become aggressive towards other animals.
  • This dog breed is known to be very healthy, due to their breed history. Like other remote dog breeds, they have very little to no inbreeding as a breed type.


Click the buttons below for more information about this breed


Click on any image to view these pictures larger and in a slideshow


Enjoy this video about Mountain Curs, you can view the entire playlist of videos about this breed on our YouTube Channel by clicking the button below:


Here’s some websites specifically dedicated to this breed, click to view them. I am not affiliated with any of these sites, they’re just here for further information. Please note I will not advertise breeders on this site and as many websites dedicated to a specific breed are run by breeders, sometimes there’s fewer sites listed here.

Thanks for reading!

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