A large working breed from Brazil
As far back as the 1600’s, records of large, strong dogs were used by early Brazilian cattle ranchers and plantation owners. These dogs were used to track and hold cattle (the Portuguese word filar means “to hold”, from which part of his namesake is derived) and protect the herds from large predators. It is believed that ancestors of today’s bloodhound, mastiff, Portuguese Mastiff, and the now extinct Bullenbeiser were used in the development of these dogs. These dogs weren’t considered a “breed” until the first breed standard was written in 1946. Until then, the dog’s type ranged according to the work needed. They were used in Brazil to track escaped slaves when slavery was legal, and they would hold the slave until their master arrived. Today, the type has been set, and the Fila is gaining popularity as a noble guardian dog.
Read more about the history of this breed – HERE
OTHER NAMES – Brazilian Mastiff, Cao De Fila, Brazilian Molosser
LIVING WITH THIS BREED
The Fila Brasileiro still possesses a strong guarding instinct and a natural wariness of strangers. This coupled with a strong desire to bond with their family and their sheer size and power means that early socialisation and training is a must. Well-socialised and well-trained Fila Brasileiros can be a joy to be around. They are quiet, confident, and loyal. With its owners and family it is docile, obedient and extremely tolerant with children. However, they will be quick to address any perceived “infractions” from those outside the family with a bite-now-question-later attitude. If socialised to other animals from puppyhood, Fila Brasileiros are very tolerant and protective of those animals, making them ideal livestock guardians. However, many caution that they are not a good fit for novice dog owners.
This information is taken from kennel clubs and other reliable sources
|COUNTRY OF ORIGIN||Brazil|
|PURPOSE BRED FOR||Guarding, Hunting, Herding|
|TEMPERAMENT||Calm, Courageous, Loyal|
|EXERCISE NEEDED||1 hour per day|
|HEIGHT – MALE||65-75 cm / 25-30 in (to shoulder)|
|HEIGHT – FEMALE||60-70 cm / 23-28 in (to shoulder)|
|COAT TYPE||Short and Smooth|
|LIFE EXPECTANCY||9-11 years|
DID YOU KNOW?
- Filas are banned or restricted in many countries, as they classify them as a dangerous dog breed.
- This isn’t a breed that does well in cities. In part, this is because of their less than enthusiastic opinion of strangers. However, it should also be noted that they need lots of room for lots of exercise, meaning that urban living conditions are often too cramped for them.
- The Fila Brasileiro should spend plenty of time with his family. Chaining a Fila out in the yard and giving him little or no attention is not only cruel but can also lead to aggression and destructive behaviour.
- They were used to hunt big game animals such as jaguars, and work with livestock, driving it around the farm and “catching” individual cattle (grabbing hold of its neck) for the Brazilian rancher.
LINKS TO KENNEL CLUBS
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WEBSITES ABOUT FILA BRASILEIROS
Here’s some websites specifically dedicated to this breed, click to view them. I am not affiliated with any of these sites, they’re just here for further information. Please note I will not advertise breeders on this site and as many websites dedicated to a specific breed are run by breeders, sometimes there’s fewer sites listed here.
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