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Tornjak

Mountain dog from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia


BREED ORIGINS

The almost extinct descendants of genetically similar, native, archaic types of shepherd dogs have been the foundation stock for the recreation of the Tornjak breed. The dogs belonging to the original stock had been dispersed in the mountain areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia and their surrounding valleys. The major historical dates are the years 1067 and 1374. Written documents from these periods mention the Bosnian-Herzegovinian-Croatian breed for the first time. The research about their historical and more recent existence and then a systematic salvation from extinction started simultaneously in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina around 1972 and continuous pure-blood breeding began in 1978. Nowadays, the breed’s population consists of numerous, purebred dogs selected during a series of generations dispersed throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.

Read more about the history of this breed – HERE

OTHER NAMES – Bosnian and Herzegovinian-Croatian Shepherd Dog, Croatian Mountain Dog


LIVING WITH THIS BREED

The Tornjak is overall a friendly, self confident dog. They take their guard duty seriously and will be suspicious of strangers that approach their property, but they are very loving to those who they know well. They learn quickly and are relatively easy to train when they have an experienced owner. Tornjak’s family are very important to them and their loyalty will make it difficult to re-home if their family later decide they do not want them. Because of the strong bond they form with their family, they should not be relegated to the back garden for long periods of time. Their strongest desire is to be wherever their family is. When they are being trained, they respond best to positive reinforcement and rewards. Tornjak will successfully get used to living in an apartment, though it would be better if they live in a house with garden. In an apartment, they will mostly sleep through the day. But the very moment you get the lead, you’ll realise what they dreamed about – the walk!

BREED INFORMATION

This information is taken from kennel clubs and other reliable sources

COUNTRY OF ORIGINCroatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina
PURPOSE BRED FORFlock Guarding
OVERALL SIZELarge
TEMPERAMENTFriendly, Intelligent, Bold
EXERCISE NEEDEDUp to 1 hour per day
IDEAL SIZE OF HOMEMedium
HEIGHT – MALE65-70 cm / 25.5-27.5 in (to shoulder)
HEIGHT – FEMALE60-65 cm / 23.5-25.5 in (to shoulder)
COAT TYPELong and Dense
GROOMING NEEDSWeekly
RARE BREEDYes
LIFE EXPECTANCY12-14 years

DID YOU KNOW?

  • The Tornjak drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
  • Tornjaks tend to have separation anxiety when their owners leave them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Tornjak bark a lot and they will react on every noise that is unusual near the area that they protect. They warn with barking.
  • When it comes to their love for water, mud and other forms of having fun in nature, you can be sure Tornjak will not pass by anything if the opportunity shows up!
  • If you don’t have a garden you can still happily have a Tornjak, but the lack of garden should be compensated with frequent long walks.

LINKS TO KENNEL CLUBS

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PHOTO GALLERY

Click on any image to view these pictures larger and in a slideshow

VIDEOS

Enjoy this video about Tornjaks, you can view the entire playlist of videos about this breed on our YouTube Channel by clicking the button below:

Thanks for reading!

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