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Peruvian Hairless Dog

This bright and agile dog is the official dog of Peru


The ancient history of the Peruvian Hairless Dog can be told through pottery and textiles. The breed first appeared in Moche pottery in 750 AD. They were also depicted in Chimu, Chancay, and Incan pottery. The Chancay people used the dogs as companions, and certain pottery even depicts them in sweaters. Their urine and faeces were believed to be used in medicines. The Chimu considered them good luck and used the dogs’ warmth for the treatment of arthritis and respiratory conditions. The original hairless dogs were small companion animals, but when Peru was conquered by the Conquistadors, the small dogs were interbred with the dogs of the foreigners and over the years, three distinct sizes developed. The breed can be hairless or coated. In the mountainous regions, the Andean people protected the dogs, but the breed did not fare well in the cities along the coast. There, the hairless dogs were considered diseased and pariahs and were often exterminated. In 1985, the Kennel Club of Peru accepted the breed and requested the FCI change the name to Perro sin Pelo de Peru (Peruvian Hairless Dog) from the American name of Peruvian Inca Orchid. In 2001, Peru declared the breed a National Patrimony and the dogs are now protected in Peru.

Read more about the history of this breed – HERE

OTHER NAMES – Perros Flora, Flower Dog, Peruvian Inca Orchid, Inca Hairless Dog


Noble and affectionate at home with those close to them, they are at the same time lively and alert. They might be wary of strangers and is a good watch dog. The breed is loyal and protective of it’s family, but like all dogs, should be supervised around younger children. Peruvian Hairless Dogs are not recommended for families with small children, but they can do well with older, more considerate kids. Caution should also be taken with small pets that may be seen as prey, they can be raised with smaller dogs or cats, but require supervision. Peruvian Hairless Dogs require a great deal of socialisation and should be kept in the house, as they do not make good outdoor dogs. This breed is intelligent and can be a challenge to train. New owners should be able to commit to a substantial amount of time needed to train and socialise their new puppy. Because they are a primitive breed, they have a wide range of temperaments, from a typical docile sighthound to a more feral temperament. Rough play is discouraged with puppies, as this can promote aggressive behaviour. The Peruvian Hairless Dog requires a good bit of activity to remain healthy and happy. Options for exercise include play time in the backyard, preferably fenced, or going on walks several times a day. They can be a lively dog and somewhat of a class clown. They love to make their family happy and will play tricks on them. Peruvian Hairless Dogs are an easy keeper, with the exception of the extra skin care the hairless variety requires.


This information is taken from kennel clubs and other reliable sources.

OVERALL SIZEVarious, see below
TEMPERAMENTAffectionate, Loyal, Alert
EXERCISE NEEDED30 – 60 minutes per day
IDEAL SIZE OF HOMEVaries on size
HEIGHT – SMALL25-40 cm / 9.8-15.7 in (to shoulder)
HEIGHT – MEDIUM41-50 cm / 16-19.6 in (to shoulder)
HEIGHT – LARGE51-65 cm / 20-25.5 in (to shoulder)
COAT TYPEHairless or Coated (rare)


  • These are not outdoor dogs and require sunscreen on sunny days. Beyond regular grooming, the occasional bath will keep your Peruvian Hairless Dog clean and looking his best.
  • Coated Peruvians are in the minority, and the coated and hairless varieties can occur in the same littler.
  • Lively and alert, these dogs can be very good hunters and do well in lure coursing, rally and agility.
  • The hairless variety generally has no hair or light hair on his head, lower part of the tail and the feet. The coated variety will have hair all over their body.
  • The hairless variety almost always does not have full dentition. Some only retain a few teeth, where others may only lose a few teeth.


Breed standards vary throughout the world, click the buttons below to view the kennel clubs from around the world for more information of those standards, and for further information about Peruvian Hairless dogs. The link to the Peruvian Kennel Club is in it’s native language so you may need to choose ‘English’ in the Google translate pop up option.


Click on any image to view these pictures larger and in a slideshow.


Enjoy this video about Peruvian Hairless Dogs you can view the entire playlist of videos about this breed on our YouTube Channel by clicking the button below:


Here’s some websites specifically dedicated to the Peruvian Hairless Dog breed, click to view them. I am not affiliated with any of these sites, they’re just here for further information. Please note I will not advertise breeders on this site and as many websites dedicated to a specific breed are run by breeders, sometimes there’s fewer sites listed here.

Thanks for reading!

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