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Strong, intelligent and protective German drover’s dog

Other Names – Butcher’s Dog, Rottweiler Metzgerhund, Rottie

It is thought that the Roman army, marching north on their campaigns, took cattle with them to provide meat and so their herding dogs accompanied them. As the herd diminished, the dogs became redundant and were often left behind. The town of Rottweil in Southwest Germany was for centuries a livestock market and the breed was developed there by cattle dealers and farmers who wanted a strong drovers’ dog, which could also act as a guard dog against robbers. The mastiff-type dogs inherited from the Romans, mixed with some sheepdog blood, lead to the creation of the Rottweiler. The Rottweiler proved excellent in both disciplines, combining the athletic movement and stamina of a drovers’ dog with a courageous temperament. Farmers on their way home from market, fearful of having their money bags stolen, attached them to a collar around the dog’s neck – a very safe place as the Rottweiler is territorial and protective of his owner and his property. In modern times the Rottweiler has been used by the armed forces and by the police.

Sadly, the breed has often suffered from bad press: the Rottweiler became very popular, often with those seeking a macho image. The breed needs responsible and intelligent owners who can harness the Rottweiler’s intelligence and activity. A well-bred and properly raised Rottweiler will be calm and confident, courageous but not unduly aggressive. The breed is intelligent, highly trainable and wants to please, although some may be stubborn. It is very important that discipline be consistent, fair, and firm, without being rough. Roughhousing with the Rottweiler may encourage aggression and should be avoided. The aloof demeanour these world-class guardians present to outsiders belies the playfulness, and downright silliness, that endear Rottweilers to their loved ones, (No one told the Rottie he’s not a toy breed, so he is liable to plop onto your lap for a cuddle.) Early training and socialisation will harness a Rottweiler’s territorial instincts in a positive way. Rottweilers love swimming, walking, and trotting, especially with their people. The breed is muscular and athletic, and should have the opportunity to exercise on a daily basis. If there are jobs to do, Rottweilers learn easily to cart and are excellent workers in herding, tracking, and obedience – there is no limit to the canine activities that the Rottweiler can learn to do! A well-trained Rottweiler makes a wonderful family companion. They can quiet, well-behaved house dogs, yet are powerful enough to ward off burglars. Their personality can vary from dog to dog, with some being natural clowns that love everybody and others being very reserved one-person dogs.

Read more about the history of this breed – HERE


Most of these stats are from the The Kennel Club UK. You can view stats from kennel clubs around the world at the links below, which may have different standards and classifications.

Group – UKWorking
Bred ForGuarding, Herding
Rare BreedNo
Country of OriginGermany
TemperamentCourageous, Devoted, Calm
Exercise NeededMore than 2 hours a day
Size of Home NeededLarge
Height at Withers – Females58 – 64 cm / 23 – 25 in
Height at Withers – Males63 – 69 cm / 25 – 27 in
GroomingOnce a week
CoatShort, Glossy, Double Coat
ColoursBlack and Tan
Life Expectancy9 – 10 years
  • Rottweilers were originally ‘drovers’, meaning their job was to protect cattle and other livestock. Today the Rottweiler participants in herding events, and can keep up with the sheepdogs and shepherds in the field.
  • Because they are smart, tireless, and eager to please, Rottweilers can be service dogs, therapy dogs, obedience competitors, guide dogs, customs inspectors, drafting and carting dogs.
  • Rottweilers enjoy leaning their big bodies up against their people. This action is thought to originate from the breed’s need to move cattle, when they’d use their bodies to head the cows in the right direction.
  • Rottweilers are a sensitive breed, due to their intelligence and close attachment to their humans. So they can be prone to separation anxiety, and need an owner willing to put in the time and care they deserve.
  • Rottweiler is very fast dog (maximum speed around 25 miles per hour).


Breed standards vary throughout the world, click these links to kennel clubs around the world for more information of those standards and for further information about Rottweilers.


Click on any picture below to view it larger and in a slideshow, it’s worth it! 😃


Enjoy this video about Rottweilers, you can view the entire playlist of videos about this breed on our YouTube Channel by clicking the button below:


Here’s some websites specifically dedicated to the Rottweiler breed, click to view them. I am not affiliated with any of these sites, they’re just here for further information. Please note I will not advertise breeders on this site.

Thanks for reading!

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