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The Xoloitzcuintle (Xoloitzcuintli), also known as the Mexican Hairless dog come in three sizes, all descending from the standard size which originated it is thought from the Colima dog of Western Mexico. Its name (pronounced show-low-eats-queent-lee) means dog of the god Xolotl who was the Aztec god of deformed things, and the hairless body qualified the breed for that description. Sadly the early function of the breed was as a source of food without hair and therefore ‘oven ready’: a sad thought. However, in direct contrast to their nomenclature, the breed also has a coated variety which is more rarely seen. It has long been thought that the breed has curative powers: it was known as a healing dog thought to help with asthma, rheumatism and migraines, and with its hot skin providing comfort against the cold. The breed first appeared as a curiosity in dog shows in America in 1883 but remained rarely seen until the 1980’s. In the 21st century it has gained a following as a show dog in most European countries as well as in America. The Xolo is a highly intelligent, loyal, energetic and very loving dog. They bond to the person or people that it feels is responsible for its care and training; the entire family is encouraged to take some responsibility for the dog so that it will bond to everyone in the family and not just one person. The Xolo is a naturally protective dog; they are often shy around strangers. Xolos need a consistent training regimen and clearly defined boundaries. Early socialisation and puppy training classes are vital and help to ensure that the dog grows into a well-adjusted, well-mannered companion. Xolos like long walks and upbeat play, but they are famously tranquil around the house. Xolos take their watchdog job seriously but are judicious barkers who only speak when they have something to say. As with any hairless dog, care must be given to the skin, using a coat in cold weather and sunscreen in the hot weather. If you have allergies but long to own a dog, the hairless Xolo should be on your short list of breeds to consider.

Read about the history of the breed – HERE


Most of these stats are from the UK Kennel Club. You can view stats from kennel clubs around the world at the links below, which may have different standards and classifications.

Group – UKUtility
Bred ForVarious
SizeVarious – see below
Rare BreedNo
Country of OriginMexico
TemperamentCheerful, Alert, Intelligent
Exercise NeededUp to 1 hour a day
Size of Home NeededSmall
Height at Withers – Standard46–60 cm / 18–23.5 in
Height at Withers – Miniature25–35 cm / 10–13¾ in
Height at Withers – Intermediate36–45 cm / 14–17¾ in
GroomingOnce a week
CoatHairless or Coated
ColourMany – see photos
Life Span13 – 18 years
  • The Xolo comes in three sizes and can be hairless or coated.
  • Some spell the name Xoloitzcuintli, some call it The Mexican Hairless Dog.
  • This national dog of Mexico has been around for at least 3,500 years! Archaeologists have dug up bones that date back to ancient Aztec times. Drawings of dogs that look a lot like Xolos appear on ancient cave walls. Xolos are thought to be the first breed of dog that became pets and loyal companions to humans.
  • Xolos were considered sacred dogs with mystical powers and were kept around the house to keep away evil spirits and intruders. Some people in rural areas of Central America still believe that Xolos have healing powers.
  • Because Xolos radiate a lot of natural heat, people would cuddle with them to help with aches and pains and to stay warm on a cold night – like a heating pad or hot water bottle!


Breed standard varies throughout the world, these links will inform you of those standards and give further information about Xoloitzcuintles.


Click on any picture below to view it larger and in a slideshow, it’s worth it! 😃


Enjoy this video about Xoloitzcuintles, you can view the entire playlist of videos about this breed on our YouTube Channel by clicking the button below:


Here’s some websites specifically dedicated to the Xoloitzcuintle breed. I am not affiliated with any of these sites, they’re just here for further information. Please note I will not advertise breeders on this site and as many websites dedicated to a specific breed are run by breeders, sometimes there’s fewer sites listed here.

Thanks for reading!

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