This is an ancient breed, one of several miniaturised in Asia, where it was a favourite pet of Buddhist monasteries in Tibet many centuries ago. It is thought that traders from the Dutch East India Company took dogs of this type from China back to the Netherlands in the 16th Century where they became very popular in court circles. When William of Orange succeeded to the English throne, his Pugs came with him and gained the attention of the aristocracy. Soon the breed gained popularity in court circles. By 1790, the Pug could be found in France; Napoleon’s wife Josephine used her Pug to carry messages to Napoleon when she was imprisoned. Pugs were first brought to England during Victorian times and became incredibly popular with the wealthy, displacing the King Charles Spaniel as the favoured royal breed. Pugs of Victorian England usually had cropped ears, further accentuating their wrinkled faces. In the 21st century they have maintained their popularity as a companion breed as a result of their great personality. They are the most substantial of the Toy breeds earning the descriptor ‘multum in parvo’ – a lot of dog in a small frame!
Pugs are playful and happy, dignified and funny, They do well with visitors, children and other pets. Although sometimes stubborn, the Pug is typically pleasant and anxious to please. It loves to show-off! Pug owners say their breed is the ideal house dog. Pugs are happy in the city or country, with kids or old folks, as an only pet or in a pack. They can be calm and quiet but they can also have their mischievous, clownish moments. A super companion if you can offer them the time they need, they do not like to be separated from their loved ones for too long. The large round head, the big, sparkling eyes, and the wrinkled brow give Pugs a range of human-like expressions; surprise, happiness, curiosity – their faces have delighted owners for centuries! The Pug needs daily exercise, either in the form of a lively game or a moderate walk on lead. It does not do well in heat and humidity and should not be kept outdoors. Its smooth coat needs only occasional brushing to remove dead hairs; however, the wrinkles need regular cleaning and drying to prevent skin infections.
Read about the history of the breed – HERE
STATS AND FACTS
Most of these stats are from the UK Kennel Club. You can view stats from kennel clubs around the world at the links below, which may have different standards and classifications.
|Group – UK||Toy|
|Country of Origin||China|
|Temperament||Happy, Funny, Loving|
|Exercise Needed||Up to 1 hour a day|
|Size of Home Needed||Small|
|Size – Females||6.3 – 8.1 kg / 14-18 lb|
|Size – Males||6.3 – 8.1 kg / 14 – 18 lb|
|Grooming||Once a week|
|Colour||Fawn, Apricot, Silver, Black|
|Life Span||12 – 15 years|
- Emperors of China kept pugs as lapdogs and treated them to all the luxuries of royal life. Sometimes the pampered pooches were given their own mini palaces and guards.
- Marmosets were kept as pets in the early 18th century and were called pugs. The name made the jump to the dog because the two animals shared similar facial features.
- Pugs are a perfect example of a breed that suffers from the brachycephalic syndrome; because they have a flat nose, they can’t regulate the air they breathe which may result in increased heart rate, restlessness, and panting.
- Although they can be quite active, pugs value their sleep. In general, pugs sleep from 12 to 14 hours per day.
- Because the Pug has experienced worldwide popularity, they have acquired many different names during various time periods and places. Some of these names include Lo-sze (China), Doguillo (Spain), Chinese or Dutch Pug (England), Mops (German), Mopsi (Finland), and Mopshond (Holland).
LINKS TO KENNEL CLUB BREED STANDARDS AROUND THE WORLD
Breed standard varies throughout the world, these links will inform you of those standards and give further information about Pugs.
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WEBSITES ABOUT PUGS
Here’s some websites specifically dedicated to the Pug breed. I am not affiliated with any of these sites, they’re just here for further information. Please note I will not advertise breeders on this site.
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